The painless ease of modern cataract eye surgery means that cataracts are almost considered a minor inconvenience these days.
What once was a major medical issue requiring expensive and risky surgery can now be corrected in less than 20 minutes on an outpatient basis. And the patient can start using the eye after just a day’s recovery.
What Are Cataracts?
Cataracts are the eye’s lenses that become cloudy over time. Some of the known causes of cataracts are prolonged exposure to sunlight, diabetes, and smoking.
When a person has cataracts, they suffer from impaired vision that steadily increases until the cataract is removed. But cataracts can also cause poor night vision and reduced colour recognition, which can be particularly dangerous for drivers. They also can cause double vision and glare.
The vast majority of people with cataracts are over the age of 60, although younger people are not immune from cataracts. Younger people who have undergone trauma can experience cataracts, and they can also be caused by steroid use or be congenital.
If you are having problems with your vision’s clarity, a visit to an ophthalmologist or an optometrist can let you know whether or not you have cataracts.
Surgery is the only effective treatment for cataracts. Unless the cataract is removed from the eye, the vision will continue to grow cloudier.
There used to be only one type of cataract surgery available, which was called extracapsular surgery. But with the creation of Intra-ocular Lens (IOL) implants, another type of modern surgery was developed, which benefitted from the flexibility of these state-of-the-art lenses.
It is called Phacoemulsification surgery, and it is much quicker to perform and much easier on the patient. The surgery entails an incision being made of about 2 to 2.5 millimetres. Then an instrument utilising ultrasound energy is focused on the cataract. The energy breaks down the cataract into a liquid that is removed via suction through the incision.
The flexible and foldable lens is replaced with the new IOL through the same small incision that was used to remove the emulsified cataract.
IOLs Improve a Patient’s Vision
IOLs have made cataract eye surgery almost a benefit rather than just a necessity. A patient who undergoes a cataract procedure today can expect to come away with better vision than they had before cataracts became a problem.
This is due to the ability to fine-tune the vision correction of the IOL using four different types of technology that were all developed to aid the capabilities of these replacement lenses.
It might be imperative to find a reputed eye care clinic like Melbourne Eye Centre that can perform cataract operations, laser eye surgery, and glaucoma treatment. Cataract patients can look forward to a short and painless procedure and crisp and sharp vision after the procedure.
Make an Appointment with ISEC
If you or one of your loved ones is experiencing impaired vision due to cataracts, make an appointment with the International Specialist Eye Centre. One of our doctors will discuss the options available in modern cataract eye surgery and help you decide on the best option for you or your loved one.